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What you need to know about ceramic tile flooring

When it comes to ceramic tile there's a big world out there! With an assortment of colors, patterns, shapes, sizes, and designs, it can be difficult to choose the right one for your flooring.

Kissingers Floor & Wall doesn’t want to just sell flooring to you. We want to help you pull a room together and transform your home.

Mosaics? Subway tiles? Porcelain? We know how overwhelming it can be to select from the vast assortment. So, we’ll simplify it for you.

Offering free estimates and measuring, as well as a no-charge installation, our showroom is in Berwick, PA and we serve Berwick, PA, Williamsport, PA, Scranton, PA, Schuylkill Haven, PA, Lehighton, PA, Millersburg, PA, Lewisburg, PA, Bloomsburg, PA, Danville, PA, and Hazleton, PA.

Glazed, unglazed and porcelain

These are the three basic types. They all have subtle differences, which may make them better one type of flooring than another.

  • Glazed. This ceramic has a coating with glass-forming minerals and stain resins. It’s highly designed, waterproof and ultra-durable. Glazed ceramics can be shiny or matte.

    Today, even subway ceramics, those formerly all-white 3X6 rectangles, now come in various colors, sizes, and shapes. There also can be mosaics that either come in strips on a mesh background or separate pieces.

    There is a difference between a ceramic wall and floor tile, so be sure the box is marked that it's appropriate for your floor installation.

  • Unglazed. These tiles are more porous and, as a result, will absorb liquid if not sealed. Because of the rough surface, they tend to hold onto dirt. It’s not difficult to clean them, but it does take longer. An example of an unglazed tile would be the Mexican terracotta.

  • Porcelain. This is a type of ceramic, but it also includes sand and possibly glass to make it heavier. It’s more suited to floors where there’s heavy traffic, like the kitchen or bath.

  • This tile, whether glazed or unglazed, is completely waterproof and resists frost so it’s also appropriate for use on deck and patio floors as well as poolside.


Tile can be difficult to install yourself, so it’s best to let a professional handle it. The cutting is almost impossible and if there’s a mistake in layout, there’s no going back.